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” The earth completes one west to east rotation every 23 hours 56 minutes 4 seconds. That is why we have days and nights. The Sun complete one west to east revolution around the earth every 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 48 seconds. Hence days and nights become longer and shorter and the seasons change. “
” The earth spins on its axis remaining fixed at one place causing days and nights. The sun goes around the earth hence the seasons change. Galileo and Copernicus were wrong. You were taught wrong in school. Read my paper and find it out.”
” Famous people cant roam about freely, I dont want fame. I am sure my theory will get acceptance some day. I want to put this thought in thousands of young minds, they will take it forward. “
While I was in school and I visited Calcutta with my father I used to see graffiti, paintings and writings on the walls of the main roads in central Calcutta. They said, the sun moves around the sun. Since my stay in Calcutta would have been just for few days and I was not allowed to roam about alone, neither any one of my family was at all interested in all such stories, I couldnt follow it up. Now after so many years I came across this man, Mr. K.C.Paul/ Kartik Chandra Paul.
Paul, born in 1940, was a class eight drop out and it was in 1962 that he made in ‘discovery’ . He was in army at that time and was a ardent sky watcher. The position of venus led him to a crash coarse on astronomy.
“First I checked on rotation, and found that it was perfectly correct. But when it came to revolution, it didn’t work out at all. I went on to do some more calculations, and in 1974 I worked it all out: the earth stands still, and the sun travels around it — its orbit tilted at an angle of 23 1/2°, giving us the seasons and unequal days and nights. If the earth really did change its position, we shouldn’t have seen the Pole Star in the same position as we do. Copernicus said the Pole Star’s so far away that the earth’s movement makes no difference to its relative position. But according to my theory, it will stay in the same spot, no matter how far or how near it is.”
Paul had even written to Nasa about his theories, and Nasa had written back a polite letter saying that the Copernican system worked quite well for them and they would continue to stick to it.
With the refusal from NASA, in 1984, Paul decided to go public with his findings. He then created pamphlets, small booklets and started painting wall gratifies. He did mostly himself though at times he used to take some help from few friends.
In those days when computer was not available the designs made by a class eight drop out was really praiseworthy. His indomitable optimism and energy lead him all the time. His leaflets was about .10 rupees and he also made few books of about 50/- rupees at that time. He used to say
“There isn’t any demand now, but as soon as I am proved correct, people will flock in thousands to buy them.” Paul used to sell them in Office areas, public buses and shopping areas. He was a regular in The Calcutta International Book Fair.
Once he was beaten up by a mob , as he was accused of misleading children and spreading rumors, in front of the Calcutta Medical College and after that he used write the gratifies at night.
Nothing was cheap for him. In 1988 he spent about 100000/- Rupees ( about 10,00,000/- Rupees now), using up his army pension and saving from his salary from a local school.
To his own children he says, “What you’re learning from your textbooks is incorrect, but that’s what you’ll have to write to pass your exams.”
Kolkata has been long thought of as a city where everyone is allowed to have an opinion and the right to express it. A free exchange of ideas forms the basis of the curious Kolkata phenomenon, adda, or informal discussion, which often gets quite heated whether it takes place in the iconic Coffee House off College Street or at someone’s house, a tea stall, or even in an open veranda. The same logic probably explains Kolkata’s ready participation in the freedom struggle under British rule and, much later, in the Naxal movement against the established social order in the 1960s and 1970s.
Sometimes an opinion is shouted out through loudspeakers and rammed down your throat. Sometimes, as with Paul, it is expressed quietly to anyone who cares to listen.